Helminthiasis, or helminthic attack, is a disease caused by parasitic worms - helminths. To date, more than three hundred types of helminthiases have been known. About two hundred types of parasites can affect the human body.
Parasites in the body: the main symptoms
Itching in the anal area - especially in the evening and night. With enterobiasis, one of the most common helminthiases, parasites (female pinworms) leave the gut to lay eggs, which eventually causes unbearable itching in the anus.
- Sighing during sleep.
- Peeling of the skin on the fingers and toes (more common in children).
- Appetite increases.
- Rash on the body and eyelids.
- Severe asthenic syndrome (lethargy, weakness, fatigue, irritability, nervousness, depression in children).
- Diarrhea or constipation.
- Thinning of the body with a normal appetite.
- The presence of some chronic diseases.
- Compensated chronic disease.
- Fever is not known with joint and muscle pain.
- Anemia, especially B12 deficiency.
- Prolonged dry cough - most often at night.
- High levels of eosinophils in the blood are hypereosinophilia.
- Unspecified cysts in the liver.
The appearance of one or more of the above signs is a reason to contact an infectious disease specialist or parasitologist.
If the patient is sure that he sees something similar to worms in the stool, however, an accurate study needs to be done to prove the presence of parasites in the body. It may seem very noticeable that worms are present in the feces. Often, people see fragments of fecal matter of the intestinal mucosa, which usually comes out with the feces.
Infection with worms occurs through the person who is the carrier - anthroponic helminthiases or after contact with an attacked animal - zoonotic helminthiases. The main routes of transmission of infection are fecal -oral, more rarely - percutaneous (parasites are introduced into the body through the skin) and contagious (through insect bites - egg carriers or helminth larvae).
How are parasitic infections treated?
If there is a suspicion that a parasite has erupted in the body, it is recommended to pass the appropriate test and undergo an examination. Helminthiases are best treated with inexpensive antihelminthic medications available in pill form. They are not taken for so long. Sometimes a regular treatment that lasts for three to five days is enough. Synthetic drugs that have been proven safe and clinically effective can be used.
Only a doctor is able to choose the right medication for the parasite, as well as prescribe the right regimen for its administration and dosage. Self -medication or "online treatment" can have serious consequences. Keep in mind that some drugs have teratogenic effects that are harmful to the fetus, others require dose calculation, etc. In addition, during the study, the rules for taking already registered drugs could be adjusted, which were not always specified in its instructions.
The results of this disease are the best. It all depends on the pathogen, the degree of invasion, the target organ. However, it will be serious, especially if the central nervous system (CNS), eyes, heart (extraintestinal and tissue helminthiasis) are affected by the parasite.
Do I need to take medication for parasites for prevention?
Regarding the intake of prophylactic antiparasitic drugs, it cannot be said with certainty that such drugs should not be taken. Still, it is definitely not necessary for everyone to do this without thinking. However, such drugs are not at all dangerous as many people believe. This is the same medication that doctors do not recommend to take.
Taking prophylactic drugs for parasites can be indicated for people living in underdeveloped countries with poor economic and social structures, in countries where medicine is at a low level, or people living in their own homes and owning farms witha large number of pets.
According to international recommendations, it is recommended to take antiparasitic drugs for parasites as prophylaxis for pets (after prior consultation with a veterinarian) - at least twice a year, as well as for people living in the wild southern regions with a high percentage of infections population and drugs-medicine that is underdeveloped.
Are folk remedies effective against parasites?
Currently, there is no single folk remedy to combat worms that is truly effective and safe. The composition of many such preparations (most often herbal remedies) includes components such as cloves, tansy flowers, aspen bark extract, garlic, wormwood. In small doses, they do not give the desired effect, but can cause stray localization of helminths. Indeed, under the influence of weak dehelmentics, parasites in the body can change the usual place of localization. Thus, helminths are able to penetrate the intestinal wall and exit into the abdominal cavity.
In addition, the plants used in the treatment of helminthiasis are quite toxic in the required concentration and have many or other side effects than pharmaceutical preparations for parasites. Herbs such as wormwood and tansy are not acceptable for children under twelve years of age, during pregnancy, with kidney disease, liver (severe toxic hepatitis), heart.
Supplements, which have often been advertised in the media lately, are useless. Unlike pharmaceuticals, they do not undergo mandatory research, have no clear evidence base and dosage.
Antiparasitic programs and drugs like "monastery tea" are speculation about common problems and intrigue for gullible people. You should not be led by obsessive advertisements on the Internet and use your body as a reserve for experimentation.
Do not forget that the treatment and prevention of helminthiasis should be under the supervision of a physician. Medication alone can lead to chronicity of the process and the development of serious complications.